for a paperclip in 1900. 61 Petroski, Henry: "The Evolution of Artifacts American Scientist, Volume 80, 1992,. William Middlebrook for a machine for making wire paper clips. Paperclips can

also be bent into a sometimes effective lock-picking device. The company, which sold its clips for 25 cents a box, registered the Gem trademark in 1904, but the proof that even then it was already a popular object is provided by the patent granted in 1899 to the American. Vaaler was born in Aurskog in Norway. Other Uses, a paperclip's metal wire can be easily unfolded. The patent abstract says, "It consists of forming same of a spring material, such as a piece of wire, that is bent to a rectangular, triangular, or otherwise shaped hoop, the end parts of which wire piece form members or tongues lying side by side. Meanwhile, the "Gem" conquered the world, including his own country. During the resistance to the German occupation during World War II, after pins or badges bearing national symbols or the initials of exiled King Haakon VII were banned, Norwegians began to wear paper clips in their lapels as a symbol of resistance to the occupiers. Johan Vaaler, a Norwegian inventor with a degree in electronics, science, and mathematics, invented the paperclip in 1899. In protest, they started wearing paperclips, because paperclips were a Norwegian invention whose original function was to bind together. Also, he may have been aware that Norwegian inventors would meet difficulties on the small home market. Their presumed Norwegian origin was not generally known at that time, but when that widely believed story was added to the war-time experience of many patriots, it strengthened their status as national symbols. This might have been the story, and in fact it has been popularized in this way, but this is not exactly how it happened. The American Lawyer magazine, according to what the website, early Office Museum was able to discover. Norwegian resistance adopted another symbol on their lapels: an innocent metal clip used to hold together sheets of paper. William Middlebrook, of Waterbury, Connecticut, patented a machine for making paper clips of the Gem design in 1899. United States trestetoskop patent on January 9, 1901. Vaaler probably learned about the Gem later, and his patents expired without being exploited. Johan Vaaler and his impractical design of a paper clip (1901). The patent granted to, samuel. Fay in 1867 is often cited as the first patent of the paper clip, but its design was not intended primarily for papers, Petroski points out. His paper clip was missing his last turn of the Gem, which made it less practical and less functional.

Johan vaaler. Norsk estisk forening

Fays clip was similar to those that today we can find on shirts that are sold folded. A giant sevenmeter high paper clip commemorates this national symbol and vaaler its inventor. Alfred Jørgen Bryn alfred, vaaler was familiar with patent legislation and procedures in Norway. The clips were meant to denote solidarity and unity we are bound together. Vol, consulted May 9, sandvika, the Norwegian fish hook manufacturer, during World War.

Johan Vaaler (March 15, 1866 March 14, 1910) was a Norwegian inventor and patent clerk.He has often erroneously been identified with the invention of the common paper clip, known to all office employees for more than a hundred years.

Tingretten i kristiansand Johan vaaler

Without injury or leaving grove stygge vitser the slightest trace upon the goods when removed. Especially the most delicate fabrics such as silk. Fays invention was intended to replace the pins used to attach pieces of paper to clothing. Mustad Søn AS of Gjøvik has produced Gemtype paper clips since 1928. Lace and all the finer class of goods. Oslo 1961, curiously enough, in the 1920s, by Javier Yanes for Ventana al Conocimiento Knowledge Window yanes68.